The contribution deals with the interpretations of Paul of Tarsus’ works and life proposed by P.P. Pasolini and A. Badiou. Both of them draw upon the writings of the Apostle, as well as his historical significance, in a way that appear comparable only at first sight. They pursue their respective analyses by mean of works so far apart from each other, being one based on the 1977 script Pasolini wrote for an envisaged film on Paul, and the other one a philosophical essay, which Badiou published in France twenty years later. Badiou declares his debt owed to the way Paul has been understood by Pasolini – who contextualised Paul’s preaching in present time and matched it with his apocalyptic vision – and proposes a rather different interpretation of the “Apostle of Foreigners”. In light of Political Theology, their respective interpretations appear rather different, nearly opposite poles.