Deleuze uses the expression of revolutionary institution on his texts, by being certainly completely conscious of his particularly chaotic history for the post-revolutionary periods. We try to know if this expression describes adequately the imaginary theory of the institution of Deleuze, and its commitment in the theory generally. A preliminary difficulty, which questions immediately our comment, is due to the fact that Deleuze does not thematize the institution for its account and does not thus answer his own questions of the 1950s: what explains the institution? The abandonment by Deleuze of its initial attempt to think of the institution would be maybe the indication which it anticipates and recognizes that the theme of the institution is problematic. Deleuze shows us a particular fracture intervened in the last century and it can be summed up in the passage from the politics to the economy. This work tries to show that the transformation of sovereignty does not coincide with the transfer of power to the people, but simply with the transformation of the way in which we are dominated.