The work is a brief survey of the latest historiography on theories of justice, moving from a self-review of the monograph I wrote a few years ago and from the considerations that have stemmed from it.
Is justice a concept or just an idea or even a political myth? The question arises from the observation of the wide variety of answers given throughout the history of thought to the question of what Justice truly is, and from the impression that the solution found in each case is actually an ideal construction devised to give an answer to that which has no answer. This is attested by Kelsen’s distinction between “relative Justice” and “absolute Justice”, and by the rich description of what Justice is not, rather than what it is, in the work of authors like De Vecchio, Bobbio, Garin, C. Perelman, A. Sen. Of particular interest to us is the twentieth-century debate on this issue. In the first half of the century, this debate was dominated by formalism, which was followed by a wide revival of interest for the contents and values of Justice once totalitarianism had been overcome.