On December 1980, during a conference at the Sorbonne University, Georges Canguilhem held a speech entitled Le cerveau et la pensée. This paper address for the first time the issue of the nature of though, which is critically analysed through a comparison with the development of neuroscience and artificial intelligence. The first part of the present work provides an introduction about the concept of creativity. The attention then focuses on the technical question, main form of creation. The second part of this work address some passages of the The Brain and the Thought. Canguilhem’s research claims the theoretical inconsistency and the practical deceptiveness of the reductionist theory and involves the denial of the cerebrocentrism theory, rather focusing on human sensitivity (aisthesis) and its intrinsically technical nature.
In the third and final part, the present article, going further Canguilhem, looks into the role of technical creativity in biological development from a particular organisms-machines standpoint: it focuses on the relationship between sick people and new technologies and on the creation of the so-called media environments, with a particular attention on neurological diseases.