This article confronts Hegel’s and Kant’s conceptions of history. Its starting point is a criticism of Foucault’s interpretation of «What is Enlightenment?». It shows that far from thinking of the present as event rather than as process, Kant conceives the present as a process. Both Kant and Hegel share the general view of history as a process that specifies the philosophies of history of the late XVIIIth and first XIXth centuries. What distinguishes Kant and Hegel consists rather in their conceptions of history as a process of Aufklärung, Kultur and Bildung. In conclusion, the contrast between process and event is criticized from a more general point of view, that of Hegel’s processual ontology.